Adelaide is the capital of the state of South Australia and also the fifth largest city in Australia. Adelaide is located on the Adelaide Plains just north of the Fleurieu Peninsula located close to the lower center of Australia on a map. Adelaide is a two-hour airline flight from Sydney and a half hour flight from Melbourne. It may perhaps be most well-known for its various festivals and also sports, its food and wine lifestyle and its surrounding coastline and hills. It features a substantial defence and manufacturing industry.

Adelaide was proclaimed to be a British settlement on 28 December1836. Before that the area surrounding Adelaide has been populated by the indigenous Kaurna people and called Tarndanyangga meaning the “place of the red kangaroo”. Adelaide was titled in honour of Queen Adelaide, consort to King William IV. One of the cities founding fathers, Colonel William Light, constructed the city centre and chose its place near to the River Torrens. Light set out the city center in a grid design that have been interspaced by extensive boulevards and larger public areas and in the middle of parklands.

The initial colonists in Adelaide had been diverse and it grew to be termed as a “City of Churches” due to the assortment of beliefs and the church buildings that were constructed in Adelaide. The present standard of living shows that Adelaide is consistently scored among the top ten most liveable cities in the world. Adelaide is a popular tourist vacation destination and also a destination for international students in Australia due to the well balanced standard of living with world-class education and learning organizations and its thriving local economic climate.

As it is the South Australia’s government and a industrial centre, it is the location of numerous governmental and banking companies, largely centered in the city centre. The most important employment sectors are health care and social care, although manufacturing remains an important employer. The Adelaide Hills wine area is additionally an significant and an essential economic region for the country with regards to wine production and sales. Tourism is crucial to the overall economy and it is a entry to popular locations for example Kangaroo Island as well as the wine regions of the Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale along with the Clare Valley. Nearby attractions in Adelaide include the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, Adelaide Central Market, Adelaide Oval as well as the National Wine Centre.

Adelaide is also well recognized for those teams and sports played with the primary sports activities played professionally in Adelaide being Australian Rules football, football (soccer), cricket, netball, and also basketball. Two Australian Football League teams: the Adelaide Football Club and Port Adelaide Football Club are based in Adelaide along with one A-League soccer team, Adelaide United. Presently there are two professional basketball teams, the Adelaide 36ers playing in the men’s National Basketball League (NBL) along with the Adelaide Lightning which plays in the Women’s National Basketball League (WNBL). The countires Formula One Grand Prix was held in the streets of the city from 1985 to 1996 prior to transferring to Melbourne. Since 1999 Adelaide and its encircling areas have run the ever more popular Tour Down Under cycle race.